I. INTRODUCTION

A. Summary of Revelation

B. Text of Revelation 1:9-20

9I, John—your brother and partner in oppression, royal reign, and expectation of Jesus—was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and testimony of Jesus. 10I was in the spirit on the Lord’s day and I heard a great noise behind me like a trumpet sound 11saying: “Write into a book what you see. Then, send it to the seven churches. Send it to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.” 12I turned to see the voice which was speaking to me, and when I turned I saw seven gold lampstands. 13In the middle of the lampstands was someone like the Son of Man clothed in a robe, wearing a gold belt around his chest. 14His head and hair were white like wool and snow. His eyes were like flames of fire. 15His feet were like fine bronze as if they had been refined in a furnace. His voice was like the sound of lots of water. 16He was holding seven stars in his right hand, a sharp double-edged sword was coming out of his mouth, and his outward appearance was shining like the sun in his glory. 17When I saw him I fell at his feet like I was dead, but he put his right hand on me saying, “Do not be afraid. I am the First and the Last. 18I am the Living One. I was dead—but look—now I am alive forever and ever. I hold the keys of death and Hades! 19Then, write what you have seen, both what is happening and what is about to happen after this. 20This is the mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand and the seven gold lampstands: The seven stars are angels of the seven churches and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.” (Rev 1:9-20) 1

John's Vision of the Son of Man (Rev 1:9-20)

Bamberg Apocalypse: “The Son of Man and the Seven Lampstands” (1000 AD)

II. A VOICE TELLS JOHN TO WRITE REVELATION (1:9-11)

A. The Identity and Location of John (v. 9)

“I, John—your brother and partner in oppression, royal reign, and expectation of Jesus—was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus.” ( Rev 1:9) 2

John claiming to be exiled to Patmos matches what we know about first century life. Additionally, the islands of Pontia, Gyara, and Seriphus were places that people were exiled to (Charles, Revelation of St. John, 21). Furthermore, the island of Patmos was one of three populated islands (Leros, Lipsos, and Patmos). In other words, Patmos was not a “Gilligan’s Island” type of deal. It had people, a culture, and a ruler.

LEADERSHIP MOMENT – Punishment for Godliness Continue Reading…

Notes:

  1. Unless otherwise noted, all translations are my own
  2. Unless otherwise noted, all translations are my own

I. INTRODUCTION

A. Past Lessons

B. Text of Rev 1:1-8

1This is the Revelation of Jesus Christ which God gave him to show his servants what was necessary to happen soon. He sent his angel to communicate with his servant John. 2John testified about what he saw about the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ. 3Blessed is the one who reads and those who hear and obey this message of prophesy and what is written in it. For the time is near! 4This letter is from John to the seven churches in Asia. Grace and peace to you all from the one who is, the one who was, and the one who is still to come; from the seven-fold Spirit which is in front of God’s throne; 5and from Jesus Christ who is the martyr, the faithful, the firstborn of the dead and ruler over the kings of the earth. Jesus Christ is the one who, in his love for you all, released you all from your sin by his blood. 6Jesus has made you all a kingdom of priests in God and his father. To him glory and power forever, amen.”

7Look! He is coming out of the clouds and every eye will see him including those who pierced him and every person from every nation of the earth will mourn for him. Yes! Amen!

8“I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God—the one who is, was, and is still to come—the Almighty! 1

John's Introduction and Greeting to the Seven Churches (Rev 1:1-8)

Bamberg Apocalypse: “John Receives His Revelation” (1803)

II. A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO JOHN’S LETTER (1:1-3)

A. The Revelation of Jesus Christ (v. 1)

“This is the Revelation of Jesus Christ which God gave him to show his servants what was necessary to happen soon. He sent his angel to communicate with his servant John.” (Rev 1:1) 2

1. Revelation from Jesus and about Jesus Continue Reading…

Notes:

  1. Unless otherwise noted, all translations are my own
  2. Unless otherwise noted, all translations are my own

The book of Revelation is one of the most difficult books to interpret. I like to think of the book of Revelation like a rainbow. From earth we can look into the sky and see a rainbow, but only half of it. Yet, if we go up in a plane we can often see an entire rainbow as one big circle. Our attempts to interpret the book of Revelation are like standing on earth looking at only half of a rainbow. Our position on the earth does not allow us to see the entire rainbow. The same is true for current believers living in the church age before the Tribulation. Because believers are waiting for the events of Revelation 4-22 to start, we can only see a partial interpretation of the works. However, once the events of Revelation 4-22 begin, it will be like looking at the entire rainbow from a plane. Because of someone’s place in the Tribulation they will be able to fully understand and interpret the events of Revelation 4-22.

An Introduction to the Book of Revelation

“St. John at Patmos” by Gustave Dore

I. AUTHOR (click here) Continue Reading…

When making a chart of the book of Revelation I was surprised to see how many different animals are described throughout the book. At times John seems to see a literal animal and describes it in the book, while at other times John uses an animal as a way to described what he sees (an example is when John says he sees a “lamb” when he sees Jesus).

Here’s a brief outline of some of the animals described in the book of Revelation.

I. BEAST

Two beasts are discussed in Revelation. The first is mentioned in Rev 11. When the two witnesses complete their testimony, the beast that comes up out of the bottomless pit declares war against them, conquers them, and kills them (11:7).

Photo from the illustrated Bible, "Bamberg Apocalypse: Book with 7 Seals - The First Beast"

Illustrated Bible, “Bamberg Apocalypse: Book with 7 Seals – The First Beast”

A. Beast of the Sea

Revelation 13 reveals the most material about the two beasts of Revelation. The first beast rises up out of the sea with seven heads, ten horns, and ten crowns on its horns.

Written on each head are the names of those that blasphemed God (13:1). This beast looks like a leopard but has the feet of a bear and the mouth of a lion. The dragon gives the beast his power, throne, and great authority (13:2). One head on the beast of the sea is wounded but it is healed. The whole world marvels at this beast, gives allegiance to him, and worships him (13:3-4). This beast is allowed to speak blasphemes against God and is given authority to do whatever he wants for forty-two months (13:5-6). Continue Reading…

In this post I provide a list of the numbers used in the book of Revelation because those numbers are often seen as “symbolic.” Therefore, in this post I want to show a comprehensive list of the numbers in the book of Revelation.

Symbolism and Numbers in the Book of Revelation

1/10

After the two witnesses are taken to heaven (Rev 11:11-12) a terrible earthquake destroys one-tenth of the city. In this earthquake 7,000 people die (11:13). Continue Reading…

While the Book of Life has numerous references throughout the Old Testament and New Testament, no book provides as much emphasis on the Book of Life as Revelation.

The Book of Life in the Book of Revelation

I. WRITTEN BEFORE THE WORLD WAS MADE

The Book of Life was written before the world was made (17:8), but is first mentioned in Revelation in 3:5 in Jesus’s letter to the angel of the church in Sardis. Jesus contrasts those who have soiled their clothes with evil (3:4) to those who are clothed in white. Those clothed in white will never have their names erased from the Book of Life (3:5). Jesus will announce that they are his people before the Father and his angel (3:5).

II. BELONGS TO THE LAMB

Revelation also makes it clear that the book belongs to the Lamb (13:8; 21:27).

III. DESTINY OF THOSE NOT IN THE BOOK

In the midst of the Trumpet judgements and Bowl judgements John says that the people who worship the beast are the ones who names are not written in the Book of Life (13:8). Nearing the end of Revelation, the Book of Life is one of the books opened at the Great White Throne Judgment (21:11-15). Non-believers are judged at the Great White Throne according to what they have done (which was recorded in the books). Anyone’s name that is not found in the Book of Life is thrown into the lake of fire (20:15). Lastly, the only people allowed to enter the new Jerusalem are those whose names are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life (21:27).

Judgement in the book of Revelation primarily occurs through the seven seals, seven trumpets, and seven bowls. Furthermore, that judgement, which is described as true and just (19:2) is directed toward unbelievers, believers, Satan, and demons. Up until this time the world has been under the dominion of Satan (Job 1:6-8; 2:1-2; Matt 4:8-9; Luke 10:18; 22:3; John 12:31; 1 Cor 11:14; 2 Cor 4:4; 1 John 5:19; 1 Peter 5:8). The judgment begins in the book of Revelation with 6:1-2 in the breaking of the first seal of the scroll.

Judgement in the Book of Revelation

I. THE MANNER AND METHOD OF THE JUDGMENT Continue Reading…

When examining the book of Revelation it is important to look at different themes that are emphasized throughout the book. In addition to the themes of God and satanology, the ministry of angels–angelology–is an important theme in the book of Revelation.

Angelology in the Book of Revelation

I. ANGELS REVEAL THE VISION TO JOHN Continue Reading…

The role of Satan and his demons is very prominent in the book of Revelation. In today’s post I look the theme of satanology in the book of Revelation.

Satanology in the Book of Revelation

I. TORTURE OF BELIEVERS AND UNBELIEVERS Continue Reading…

The book of Revelation provides a clear collection of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit together (1:4). While people who study the topic of “Trinitarianism” often look at Old Testament inferences of the Triune Godhead, descriptions in the Gospel of John, and Paul’s theology, the book of Revelation is often forgotten about in regards to the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit all working and existing together as one person.
God in the Book of Revelation

Today’s post examines the theme of God in book of Revelation.

I. FATHER

A. God Gave this Revelation to Jesus Continue Reading…