A Summary of the Doctrine of the Human Condition

July 17, 2017

Today’s blog post is a brief explanation of the doctrines of anthropology and harmatology. This brief survey is based on the the Evangelical Free Church of America’s statement of faith which reads:

The Human Condition. Article #3. We believe that God created Adam and Eve in His image, but they sinned when tempted by Satan. In union with Adam, human beings are sinners by nature and by choice, alienated from God, and under His wrath. Only through God’s saving work in Jesus Christ can we be rescued, reconciled and renewed.

A Summary of the Doctrine of the Human Condition, The Holy Scriptures in Picture and Story by William Foster

Photo Credit: “The Holy Scriptures in Picture and Story” by William Foster


"The Fall of Man" by Cornelis van Haarlem (1562-1638)

“The Fall of Man” by Cornelis van Haarlem (1562-1638)

Adam and Eve were created in the image of God (Gen 1:26-27); therefore they were like God and represented God (Pss 8:3-8). The presence of God’s image is show by the facts that humans have

  • a mind/will/personality,
  • the capacity to rule (Gen 1:26, 28; 2:19; Pss 8; Gen 22:5),
  • spiritual/moral qualities (Gen 2:16-17; 3:22; Lev 11:45-46; Matt 5:48; Luke 3:38),
  • capacity for relationships (Gen 1:26; 2:20-23; 3:8),
  • personal social distinction, and
  • an image that will be improved and made perfect (Col 3:10; Eph 2:14; 1 Cor 15:49; 1 John 3:2).


When Adam sinned, sin entered into the world. Adam’s sin brought death to every single person (Rom 5:12, 15-18) because Adam’s sin nature has been passed along to all humans. As a result, all humans are slaves to sin before confessing belief in Jesus Christ (Rom 6:6-7; 7:14).

"The Fall of Man" by Master of Paulus and Barnabas

“The Fall of Man” by Master of Paulus and Barnabas


We are all sinners by nature because Adam’s sin has been passed along to us. The human condition is clearly described in the Bible:

  • we are blind to God’s truth (Isa 35:5; John 9:39; Rev 3:17),
  • deaf to his Word (Isa 42:19; 43:8), and
  • spiritually dead in our sins (Eph 2:1, 5).

Yet we are beings who have some level of free choice. Because of that free choice we often choose to sin because it is in our basic nature to sin (Gen 8:21; Pss 51:3-5; 58:3; 143:12; Rom 5:12).


Without Christ we are all hopeless (Rom 3:23). Yet, with Christ we are being renewed (Col 3:10) and reconciled back toward the person God originally designed us to be (Rom 9:29).

Christopher L. Scott

Posts Twitter Facebook

Christopher L. Scott is a local church pastor and freelance writer. He frequently writes articles for various magazines and a local newspaper. His articles have appeared in Pacific Magazine, War Cry, The Lutheran Digest, New Identity Magazine, NET Results, The Christian Journal, and Bible Advocate. In 2020 more than 300,000 copies of his articles have been printed and distributed. Most articles are posted online and available to readers worldwide for free. He's a graduate of Fresno Pacific University and Dallas Theological Seminary.

Disclosure of Material Connection: Some of the links in the post above may be "affiliate links." This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. I also may have received one or more of the products or services mentioned above for free in the hope that I would mention it on my blog. Regardless, I only recommend products or services I use personally and believe will add value to my readers. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission's 16 CFR, Part 255: "Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising."