Review of 10 Chapters of 1 Samuel and 10 Lessons of David

February 17, 2012 — Leave a comment

Thus far we have worked through 10 chapters of 1 Samuel and 10 lessons from the life of David.

I hope this study has been as beneficial for you as it has been for me. I am learning about how to faithfully follow the leader above me, how to hold on to God’s promise in my life, how to deal with discouraging times, and how to allow a best friend to help me.

Chapter 26 of 1 Samuel allows a great opportunity for us to pause in our study of the young life of David to reflect on what we have learned. Several of the lessons we have already studied from David’s life are found in this chapter. Below are the lessons we have learned followed by the text of 1 Samuel 26. Together let’s take a look at 1 Samuel 26 and see what lessons we can observe again.

(chapter) – (title of lesson) 
16 – God Looks at the Heart of a Potential Leader, Not the Skills
17 – Preparing for Leadership When You are Not in Leadership
18 – Faithfully Serve in Spite of the Leader
19 – It Is Ok to Hurt When We Have Done Good
20 – A Best Friend Helps Us
21 – Hold on to God’s Promise
22 – You Don’t Need a Title or Power to Do Good
23 – No Matter How Tough Things Might Be, Seek God’s Guidance
24 – Never Hurt the LORD’s Anointed One
25 – Keep Faith and Keep Patience

Now that you have a brief review of the lessons we have learned over the past couple weeks, let’s look at the text and see what we can observe.

1 Samuel 26

1Now some men from Ziph came to Saul at Gibeah to tell him, “David is hiding on the hill of Hakilah, which overlooks Jeshimon.”

2So Saul took 3,000 of Israel’s elite troops and went to hunt him down in the wilderness of Ziph.3Saul camped along the road beside the hill of Hakilah, near Jeshimon, where David was hiding. When David learned that Saul had come after him into the wilderness,4he sent out spies to verify the report of Saul’s arrival.

5David slipped over to Saul’s camp one night to look around. Saul and Abner son of Ner, the commander of his army, were sleeping inside a ring formed by the slumbering warriors.6“Who will volunteer to go in there with me?” David asked Ahimelech the Hittite and Abishai son of Zeruiah, Joab’s brother.

“I’ll go with you,” Abishai replied.7So David and Abishai went right into Saul’s camp and found him asleep, with his spear stuck in the ground beside his head. Abner and the soldiers were lying asleep around him.

8“God has surely handed your enemy over to you this time!” Abishai whispered to David. “Let me pin him to the ground with one thrust of the spear; I won’t need to strike twice!”

9“No!” David said. “Don’t kill him. For who can remain innocent after attacking the Lord’s anointed one?10Surely the Lord will strike Saul down someday, or he will die of old age or in battle.11The Lord forbid that I should kill the one he has anointed! But take his spear and that jug of water beside his head, and then let’s get out of here!”

12So David took the spear and jug of water that were near Saul’s head. Then he and Abishai got away without anyone seeing them or even waking up, because the Lord had put Saul’s men into a deep sleep.
13David climbed the hill opposite the camp until he was at a safe distance.14Then he shouted down to the soldiers and to Abner son of Ner, “Wake up, Abner!”

“Who is it?” Abner demanded.

15“Well, Abner, you’re a great man, aren’t you?” David taunted. “Where in all Israel is there anyone as mighty? So why haven’t you guarded your master the king when someone came to kill him?16This isn’t good at all! I swear by the Lord that you and your men deserve to die, because you failed to protect your master, the Lord’s anointed! Look around! Where are the king’s spear and the jug of water that were beside his head?”

17Saul recognized David’s voice and called out, “Is that you, my son David?”

And David replied, “Yes, my lord the king.18Why are you chasing me? What have I done? What is my crime?19But now let my lord the king listen to his servant. If the Lord has stirred you up against me, then let him accept my offering. But if this is simply a human scheme, then may those involved be cursed by the Lord. For they have driven me from my home, so I can no longer live among the Lord’s people, and they have said, ‘Go, worship pagan gods.’20Must I die on foreign soil, far from the presence of the Lord? Why has the king of Israel come out to search for a single flea? Why does he hunt me down like a partridge on the mountains?”

21Then Saul confessed, “I have sinned. Come back home, my son, and I will no longer try to harm you, for you valued my life today. I have been a fool and very, very wrong.”

22“Here is your spear, O king,” David replied. “Let one of your young men come over and get it.23The Lord gives his own reward for doing good and for being loyal, and I refused to kill you even when the Lord placed you in my power, for you are the Lord’s anointed one.24Now may the Lord value my life, even as I have valued yours today. May he rescue me from all my troubles.”

25And Saul said to David, “Blessings on you, my son David. You will do many heroic deeds, and you will surely succeed.” Then David went away, and Saul returned home. (New Living Translation)

Here are a few of my observations about the lessons being lived out in David’s life again.

Never Hurt the LORD’s Anointed One (verse 9)
I am not sure why David goes into the camp where Saul is sleeping, but regardless of why David goes into the camp it is illegal to kill the king.

Hold on to God’s Promise (v. 10)
David believes that God has a plan and will fulfill the promise made to him through Samuel. David is holding on to God’s promise that someday he will become the king of Israel.

Faithfully Serve in Spite of the Leader (v. 10)
David is committed to doing what is right until his time comes to be king.

Faithfully Serve in Spite of the Leader (v. 15-16)
Abner, regardless of the bad thing that the king is doing (in trying to kill David, an innocent man), should have been protecting the king. Abner is Saul’s commander and will become the one who announces Saul’s son, Ishbosheth as king over Israel after Saul dies.

It is Okay to Hurt When we Have Done Good (v. 19-20)
David is sad to not be able to live among his own people because he is “far away [geographically] from God.” At that time in history God’s presence was believed to be in one place, not inside of each of us as we believe today. For David to have to live in other nations and be “far away from God” is a big deal and must cause him great pain. Not just that, but because of David’s need to flee from Saul, David has had to separate from his family.

Never Hurt the LORD’s Anointed One (v. 23)
Again, David reminds Saul that he could have killed him but does not. Here David reminds Saul that God is the one in control and with the real power. David knows that at God’s chosen time, God will punish Saul for what he is doing and reward David for doing the right thing.

Questions: What lessons do you see in this chapter? What has impacted you the most?

Christopher L. Scott

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Christopher Scott is Small Groups Pastor at Rocky Hilly Community Church in Exeter, CA. He has more than ten years of experience leading volunteers, running nonprofit programs, and teaching the Bible in small group settings. He holds a bachelor's degree from Fresno Pacific University and master's degree from Dallas Theological Seminary.

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