Archives For Theology

If you are like me you become sad when you see homes take down their Christmas lights, remove Christmas decorations, and toss the Christmas tree out to the road for the garbage man to pick up. However, the true meaning of Christmas—Jesus Christ’s birth—is about much more than the one month of celebration during December. It is about the things Christ did for us through his life and death. There are five things that I like to use to describe what Christ did on the cross. Continue Reading…

This weekend we celebrated Good Friday (in remembrance of Christ’s death) and Easter (in remembrance of Christ’s resurrection). Jesus Christ came to earth as God’s Son was to serve as a “slave” or “servant” on behalf of the people of the earth. But, what does it mean that Christ was a “slave” or “servant”? How could God incarnate as human be a “slave” or “servant”?

The word that will be examined in this word study is slave used in Phil 2:7, “Instead, he gave up his divine privileges; he took the humble position of a slave and was born as a human being. When he appeared in human form” (New Living Translation). In section 1 I will review the word used in other English translations as well as provide a definition of the word slave. In section two I will provide the meaning of the Greek word, δουλος, which is often translated as slave. In section three I will provide some conclusions on slave in Phil 2:7.

How Jesus Christ was a "Slave" Philippians 2:7

Photo Credit: Norditalienischer Maler

I. OTHER TRANSLATION OF PHIL 2:7 AND A DEFINITION OF SLAVE 

A. Other Translations of Phil 2:7

It appears that most translations chose the word servant (ten translations) to describe the role Jesus took on earth, the word slave (seven times), and bondservant (twice). Another observation is that some of the “literal” translations used servant (ASV, ESV) while the “dynamic” translations used slave (NET, NLT, Message). Continue Reading…

In previous blog posts I have emphasized the Abrahamic Covenant’s role in GenesisGalatians, and the overall message of the Bible. However, it was not until recently that one of my twitter followers made me aware that the Abrahamic Covenant is also mentioned in Psalm 105. Here’s a brief look at Psalm 105 and its connection to the Abrahamic Covenant. 

The Abrahamic Covenant in Psalm 105

Photo Credit: Sweet Publishing

I. THE PURPOSE AND ARGUMENT OF PSALM 105

A. Purpose  Continue Reading…

A couple of weeks ago my wife and I saw “War Room.” It is a fantastic movie. I have seen previous movies by the Kendrick brothers (Facing the Giants, Fireproof, and Courageous) and this is perhaps the best. Below is a brief summary of the movie as well as some reflections on the movie based on the Bible.

A Review of the Movie War Room

I.    SUMMARY OF THE MOVIE

The movie, “War Room” is based on the prayer and life of an elderly African-American woman, Mrs. Williams.[1] The movie revolves around what Mrs. Williams called her “War Room.” That war room was her prayer room in her home. The war room was a closet within an unoccupied room, it had a chair, prayers taped to the wall, Scriptures taped to the wall, a lamp, and a Bible. Continue Reading…

Today’s post concludes my biblical study on women and leadership. This has been one of the most difficult topics I have written on. Last week I wrote about Jesus’ relationship to women and women’s roles in the book of Acts. And the week before that I wrote about the Old Testament perspective on women and leadership.

Today’s post examines the most difficult of the three areas: Paul’s teaching on women and biblical leadership. A 2,000 word blog post can barely scratch the surface of this topic, but in this post I hope to provide you with a brief outline of all the important texts as well as some brief notes about hermeneutics and exegesis.

What Exactly Did Paul Say about Women and Leadership?Rembrandt’s Apostle Paul

I.     PAUL’S TEACHING ON WOMEN IN 1 CORINTHIANS Continue Reading…

Continuing my biblical study of women and leadership I am examining Jesus’ relationships with women as well as women’s roles in the Book of Acts. Some of the observations might surprise you.

Jesus' Relation to Women and Their Roles in the Book of Acts

Photo Credit: Engraving by Annibale Carracci,1597 

I.  5 OBSERVATIONS OF JESUS’ RELATIONSHIPS WITH WOMEN

A.    Women Knew the Scriptures about the Messiah and They Knew Jesus Was Him Continue Reading…

Women and their role as leaders within the church has always been a controversial topic. Some Christians land on the side of conservatism and place strong limitations on women’s roles as leaders while other Christians provide women the freedom to lead, teach, and take charge.

The Surprising and Often Forgotten Women Leaders in the Old Testament

Abigail appealing to David in 1 Samuel 25

Today’s post is the beginning of a series of blog posts looking at the topic of women and biblical leadership. This post examines some of my views on women’s roles as leaders in the contemporary church as well as a brief look at women in the Old Testament. 

I.    MY PERSPECTIVE OF WOMEN IN BIBLICAL LEADERSHIP Continue Reading…

The study of the end times is something that many people agree will happen. However, many people disagree about the manner in which the end times will occur. This blog post presents a biblical outline of eschatology (the study of “last things”). This outline is derived from the notes of Dr. Lanier Burns who teaches Systematic Theology at Dallas Theological Seminary. 

An Outline of Biblical Eschatology

I.     ESCHATOLOGY IS ABOUT HOPE

A.    First and foremost, Eschatology is about hope. 

B.    Biblical Evidence of Hope Continue Reading…

One of the big debates circulating right now in Christian theology is Paul and his application of God’s promises of the Old Testament. Specifically, much of this discussion is focused on how Paul applies the promises given to the Israelites in the Old Testament to the Gentiles in the New Testament. Within this discussion includes what is meant by “seed” originally promised to Abraham all the way back in Genesis 12:2.

How Paul Applies the Promises Given to Israel to the Gentiles

Photo Credit: honorbound

Below I have attempted to outline this debate starting first with the position of Elliott Johnson, Th.D., professor of Bible Exposition at Dallas Theological Seminary. Dr. Johnson is a “classical dispensationalist” which means that he sees a distinction between the promises originally given to the Israelites and the promises given to the Gentiles in the New Testament. The second presentation of this topic will be N.T. Wright’s work. N.T. Wright is research professor of New Testament and Early Christianity at St. Mary’s College in Scotland. He is a strong advocate of the “New Perspective on Paul” movement which sees all of the promises of God being fulfilled in the New Testament church. Finally, in section III. you will find a brief exposition of this topic from myself primarily based on the third chapter of Galatians. 

I. Elliott Johnson’s Position on How Paul Applies the
Promises Given to Israel to the Gentiles

Continue Reading…